From self go to self-government - it is a
long way for mankind.
In the politics it was a long way with much and a hard opposition.
In the former centuries politics was the matter of a small minority. It was the same minority who were the owner of the ground. It was the era of feudalism. The proprietors of ground and politics were the members of aristocracy. In the Middle Age the aristocratic class was the owner of the streets, the jurisdiction, the knights and all other public affairs.
But at those times existed also in Europe a clerical class. This class was in many countries the owner of the registry offices, the schools in monasteries, the hospitals and of social affairs. The upper classes got their money because the lower class, who were working in agriculture or as manual workers or as traders had to pay the tenth of their harvest and customs duty as tax to the owners of the ground. The property of the secular class was hereditary in contrast to the clerical class.
Therefore privatization of public affairs is not the invention of the new economy. In the Middle Ages there was no public property and no regulation. But later after discovery of America many european people migrated to the new continent. The people didn' t find there a class of ground owners. The new communities established their own political management. In the new communities was no anarchy, they were not societies without property, because they had their own governments. Self-government was a necessary part of a society of people with equal rights and freedom. With elections they could find the governor and the representatives of a council.
For establishing those way of hierarchy many information, education and enlightenment was necessary. It was not possible to constitute self-government without a constitution because the representative forces are divided and limited in such a hierarchical system.
In those times industrialization was growing and also the tasks and requests for public affairs. But it was not easy to copy such forms of hierarchy in Europe. The change from feudalism to capitalism was sometimes very hard. Especially in France was the break only with many violence possible at the end of the 18th century. Since those times limited self-government in politics is a reality in the most capitalistic countries. But self-government in economy is only by self-employed people possible. If a firm is growing the polarization of the interests is unavoidable. Like the economist Adam Smith 1723-1790 described in his theory the workers and the capitalists will fight about the earned money of the firm. In later times the workers and the capitalists organized their coalitions in order to distribute the money for wages and salaries at one side and for profits on the other side.
To understand more about this you should read the next
chapter: 2 Introduction.